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The use of coins in Britain dates back thousands of years to Celtic tribes which produced their own quite stylised coins. Their

currency was the gold Stater and the silver and bronze Unit's. Later during 43 A.D. the Romans began their conquest of England

and brought their own currency and coins to the land. After the Romans we move on to the Early and middle Anglo-Saxon

Kingdoms. Each kingdom minted their own coins and they did so by placing precut out prepared thin planchets of metals into coin

dies. The lower die would be set into a block and then the top die would be hammered down, squeezing the planchet in between,

imprinting it with the required design and thus producing coins. These coins are referred to as hammered coins.

The period of use for hammered coins is from around 600 A.D. to 1662 A.D. when milled (machine minted) coins became the

norm. The first milled coins in the UK were actually produced during Queen Elizabeth's reign in 1561 when a French moneyer

called Eloye Mestrelle introduced his method of using a screw press (as pictured on the left and right in the black and white

image above) which was powered by a horse. It is very similar to how some mills ground their grain so this method was nicknamed

"mill money" and this is where we get the term milled coins. These coins were of

superior quality but they soon lost favour as

many workers were worried about losing their jobs due to the introduction of these "machines" and hammered coins were still

faster to produce.

We don't see milled coins being produced again for circulation until the era of Oliver Cromwell "Lord protector" and this is

where this sites focus starts from. Some collectors focus on hammered coins other on milled, some on both. I personally started

collecting milled coins first and started this website to focus on this type of coinage. Milled coins offer a plethora of choices

and types t collect and many sets would take a lifetime to complete.

The great thing about coin collecting is that you can choose the focus of your collection whether it be Pennies, Crowns, coins

from Queen Victoria's era or just a mixture of nice coins, hopefully you will find this website of some use.

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