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The "Right" Way To List End Credits

by Alexander Leith 1 year ago

I know that there are no hard and fast rules, and I didn't I wondered how others might approach this.

I'm finishing up work on my first long-form documentary. Although it was a reasonably small production, we had enough crew and contributors for the credits not to look silly (if you know what I mean).

However, several of the crew members (including myself) have performed multiple duties.

I know producer / director is the top credit. and personally it feels a little crass to include myself multiple times under other activities – but (for example) my associate producer wants a camera credit for filming a couple of interviews he shot too. I actually did most of the filming for the doc as well as the online edit and graphics, but wasn't originally going to include myself in those roles (I have 8 other camera ops to credit and the offline editor. who also did quite a bit of the production co-ordination and planning, but doesn't want a credit for that).

If you were in my shoes would you allow / enforce multiple credits? Or stick to "highest billing" credit only?

And secondly, which order would you place the end credit in? I've seen them with the "most important" first; "most important" last; in order that production happened; and random; My list is:

Concept / Executive Producer (the boss - no day-to-day input)

Producer / Director / Camera / Online Editor (me)

Editor / Production Co-ordinator (2nd co-producer)

Associate Producer / Camera (3rd co-producer)

Other Camera (x8)

Medical Consultant (x1)

Story Consultants (x2)

Researchers (x4)

Colourist (If I don't do it myself)

Graphics (If I don't do them all myself)

Special Thanks

Thank you for any opinions :-)

Re: The "Right" Way To List End Credits

by Andrew Rendell 1 year ago

Last Edited By Andrew Rendell on Jan 26, 2014 at 8:35:55 am

Only one credit per person, and only one job each except for Producer/Director (which I usually put as produced and directed by. )

When someone did more than one thing, credit them for the most senior thing unless they

prefer to be credited for something else. People doing multiple things should be acknowledged on your web page, not in the credits of the programme.

I always start with appearances, i.e, presented by / narrated by / cast, then craft (camera, sound, editing, etc), then production office in reverse order of seniority (e.g. researchers before production co-ordinator. up to exec producers). Director (or producer/director) last, always.

Unspecific "thanks to. " could be before craft or between craft and production.

I take it as a compliment for "film editor" to be at the end, just before the director, but that depends on context / the amount of creative input.

That's just a guideline, OK. Getting credits right can be something of a diplomatic challenge so talk to people individually about how they want to be described and check, double check and get someone else to triple check the spellings of peoples names.

Re: The "Right" Way To List End Credits

by Todd Terry 1 year ago

Last Edited By Todd Terry on Jan 27, 2014 at 3:32:44 pm

I personally don't have a problem with double crediting some people under the right circumstances. Camera operators are one such example. if you have a list of eight of them, I think it's ok for some of those people to have already been credited with something else.

But yes, most of the time you will only want to single credit.

Not all of your credits listed though are usually seen as end credits.

Of your list, usually producers (execs and otherwise), director, editor, and music would usually be OPENING credits (with the director credit coming last), and those would not appear in the closing credits. Closing credits will typically begin with cast, and then move on to technical positions from there.

If you do NOT have opening credits (as some films don't), then begin your end credit roll with "Directed by" followed by your string of producers, then cast, then technical positions.

Don't double credit though, if you have both opening and closing credits. If a particular producer or the director is in opening credits, do not credit them again in the closing credits roll.


Todd Terry

Creative Director

Fantastic Plastic Entertainment, Inc.

Category: Credit

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