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How Does a MIG Welder Work?

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They are simple enough to use that you can plug the thing in, crank up the gas shield and start doing some welding -- ok, that's simplifying things more than a little bit, but the fact is MIG welders these days aren't tough to jump into at all.

So, what does MIG mean anyway? Before we get there, let's talk about arc welders. Arc welders use high voltage electricity to generate enough heat to make a weld. There are different types of arc welders -- stick, TIG. MIG -- but the difference between them is not in the electricity they use or how they use it, but in the other element common to arc welders, a gas shield.

The gas shield can be created by a flux that releases gas due to a chemical reaction, or by a cloud of gas released from a tank connected to the welder. In the case of a MIG welder, the tank is filled with a mixture named Metal Inert Gas by the industry. The gas recipe varies, but the name indicates that none of them will react with metal and add any contaminants to your weld. This gas is pumped through your welding cable from that metal tank you had to

lease or buy. It comes out of the same nozzle your welding wire is fed through so it literally creates a protective cloud around the arc as you're welding.

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A MIG welder has a number of different heat settings which allow you to set the machine to just the right power to get a deep weld with good penetration, but not so much power that you burn a whole in your project. Don't worry if you do this a few times before you get things right. Even seasoned welders are suprised from time to time and end up having to make last minute adjustments to their heat settings. There is also an adjustment to the feed rate of your wire. This will vary by project and equipment, but as you get to know your usual jobs and your welding machine, you'll fine tune your feed rate. It's always a good idea to do a test bead on some scrap metal before you start working on your valuable project. A properly set up machine that is welding clean metal will sound like bacon sizzling in a pan. Getting the heat and feed settings right before the real job is in front of you can save lots of time and money.

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