What does speculative mean
C++11 introduced a standardized memory model. What does it mean? And how is it going to affect C++ programming?
C++11 introduced a standardized memory model, but what exactly does that mean? And how is it going to affect C++ programming?
Herb Sutter says here that,
The memory model means that C++ code now has a standardized library to call regardless of who made the compiler and on what platform it's running. There's a standard way to control how different threads talk to the processor's memory.
"When you are talking about splitting [code] across different cores that's in the standard, we are talking about the memory model. We are going to optimize it without breaking the following assumptions people are going to make in the code," Sutter said.
Well, I can memorize this
and similar paragraphs available online (as I've my own memory model since birth :P) and can even post as answer to questions asked by others, but to be honest, I don't exactly understand this.
So, what I basically want to know is, C++ programmers used to develop multi-threaded applications even before, so how does it matter if its POSIX threads, or Windows threads, or C++11 threads? What are the benefits? I want to understand the low-level details.
I also get this feeling that the C++11 memory model is somehow related to C++11 multi-threading support, as I often see these two together. If it is, how exactly? Why should they be related?
As I don't know how internals of multi-threading works, and what memory model means in general, please help me understand these concepts. -)Source: stackoverflow.com